Skin beauty. Foundations in different shades. From pale, to medium, freckles, tanned skin. woman wearing red lipstick

The Foundation of Your Look

Skin beauty. Foundations in different shades. From pale, to medium, freckles, tanned skin. woman wearing red lipstick
Skin beauty. Foundations in different shades

Our faces (including supermodels) have naturally bumpy and uneven toned skin. It is how we are built and probably for very good reasons such as protection. Having accepted that our skin is for what it is,  finding the right foundation to make it look photoshop amazing.

model natural beauty flawless skin foundation
Flawless skin with a little help from foundation

The Fundamentals

It usually consists of three main components; moisturizers, color and fillers.

– Moisturizers: ex. oil (avocado and jojoba), squalane, glycerides or wax.

– Water base for those with oily skin.

– Pigments: ex. iron oxides and titanium oxides

– Fillers: ex. talc, silica. Talc helps the foundation apply smoothly over the skin and the color to spread evenly.

– To control oil: ex. talc, kaolin clay, silica, alumina and cornstarch.

– To help against blemishes: ex. Salicylic acid, benzoyl peroxide, alcohol ingredients are used.

Fact: greasepaint

Types of foundations
Types of foundations

Each type of foundation (liquid, cream, spray, dual, powder, mineral) serves a specific purpose aka. type of skin needs.

Rule of Thumb

Types of Foundation

Liquid foundation in glass bottle. Sheer coverage
Liquid foundation in glass bottle. Sheer coverage


It comes in syrupy form and is either oil-based (for dry-normal skin) or water-based formula (for oily skin or skin apt to redness aka rosacea).   Due to the sheer coverage it suits most skin types except for those who deal with pigmentation, scars or bad acne.

Application: Best done in strokes. Check there are no streaks left on the face  especially around the chin or nose.


Foundation types. Cream/Stick foundations
Cream/Stick foundations

Both cream and stick have a thicker texture and are a heavier foundations than liquid. The thickness ensures good coverage which is great for dark circles or acne but must be used sparingly. The more emollient/oil in it the better for dry skin.

Application: Either stipple with your fingers or sponge on the specific areas you wish to cover or use a synthetic brush in a wiping motion. Be sure to blend it out.

Compact and Loose Powder

Foundation types. Compact and Loose Powder
Compact and Loose Powder

These are ideal for persons with oily skin and to take away shine. There are two types of foundation powders: compact and loose. A compact powder is pressed loose powder which is also great for ‘on the go’ situations.

Application: With the compact use a sponge and press it on until even coverage is accomplished. With a big brush buff the loose powder in circular motions just like with a bronzer.

Mineral Powder Foundation

Mineral foundation. Powder foundation and buffer brush
Mineral foundation

Although used since 33,000 B.C, mineral makeup as a commercial product came into play in 1976 by pioneer, Diane Ranger, developer of Bare Minerals. It consists primarily of grounded minerals that are usually natural and organic. It has no oils, fragrance or waxes, and few if any preservatives making it perfect for sensitive skin prone to skin irritations. However this does not mean natural ingredients are suitable for everyone. Titanium oxide and zinc oxide are two ingredients that can help with rosacea and acne and since it is non-comedongenic, it does not clog pores. It offers light to medium coverage.

Application: Like loose powder, use a wide bristle brush and buff it in circular movements.

HD Foundation

HD Foundation. Liquid foundation. Beauty tips
HD Foundation

This foundation bounces light off the face thus camouflaging the imperfections of the skin such as uneven skin tone and wrinkles.  This is accomplished by containing ingredients such as mica, silicone, quartz, and  crystals which reflects light. It is water based with ingredients that are moisturizing which allows you to layer it when needed.

Application:Apply similarly to liquid foundation (see above).

Harper's Bazaar cover from 1950's woman wearing hat and glasses and red lipstick
Looking gorgeous



Image resources:

Makeup TIPS: How to Choose the Right Foundation

Look Naturally Beautiful With The Right Foundation Makeup—spring-summer-2012-natural-beauty-trend/gallery/685372



Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *